Or How the Bible Characterizes God

  • There is only one God
    • The Lord is one God (Deuteronomy 4:35; 6:4; Galatians 3:20; Ephesians 4:6)
    • There is no other God (Deuteronomy 32:39; 2 Samuel 7:22; 1 Chronicles 17:20; Psalm 86:10; Isaiah 43:10; 44:6; 45:18)
  • God is simultaneously a plurality and unity
    • He is characterized as “us” (Genesis 1:26-28)
    • There are two Lords/Yahwehs (Genesis 19:24; Isaiah 48:16; Zechariah 2:9; Malachi 3:1; Hebrews 1:8)
  • Jesus is God
    • The Word is God (John 1:1)
    • Jesus is in very nature God (Philippians 2:6)
    • Christ is God over all (Romans 9:5)
    • The church of God was bought with God’s (i.e. Jesus’) own blood (Acts 20:28)
    • Jesus and God are one (John 10:30-33)
    • Thomas refers to Jesus as God (John 20:28)
    • Paul refers to Jesus as God (Titus 2:13)
    • John refers to Jesus as God (1 John 5:20)
  • Jesus has God’s attributes
    • Jesus is eternal (John 1:1-3; 8:58; Colossians 1:17)
    • Jesus is immutable (Hebrews 1:10-12; 13:8)
    • Jesus is/gives life (John 1:4; 5:26; 6:33; 11:25; 14:6; Acts 3:15)
    • Jesus is the fullness of the Godhead (Colossians 2:9)
    • Jesus is sovereign (Matthew 28:18; John 3:31; 17:2; Philippians 2:9-10; Colossians 1:18; 1 Peter 3:22)
    • Jesus is omnipresent (Matthew 18:20; John 14:23; Ephesians 4:10)
    • Jesus is omnipotent (Philippians 3:21)
    • Jesus created the world (John 1:3, 10; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:8, 10)
    • Jesus preserves the world (Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 1:3)
    • Jesus forgives sins (Matthew 9:2, 6; Luke 7:48)
    • Jesus sends the Holy Spirit (John 15:26; Acts 1:4-5)
    • Jesus resurrects (John 6:27, 40; 10:28; 11:25)
    • Jesus judges (John 5:22-27; Acts 17:31; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 2 Timothy 4:1)
    • Jesus receives worship (Matthew 2:2, 11; 14:33; 28:9, 17; 24:52; John 9:38; Hebrews 1:6; Revelation 5:8-14)
    • Jesus receives prayer and is prayed to (Acts 7:59; 1 Corinthians 1:2)
  • God and Jesus have the same title/accomplish the same thing
    • The “I Am” and the “I Am He”
      • God is the “I Am” and “I Am He” (Exodus 3:13-14; Isaiah 43:10)
      • Jesus is the “I Am” and “I Am He” (John 8:24, 58; 18:3)
    • The first and the last
      • God is the first and the last (Isaiah 44:6; 48:12; Revelation 4:8)
      • Jesus is the first and the last (Revelation 1:17; 22:13)
    • The King of Kings
      • God is the King of Kings (1 Timothy 6:15)
      • Jesus is the King of Kings (Revelation 17:14; 19:16)
    • King or Lord of Glory
      • God is the King of glory (Psalm 24:7, 10; Isaiah 6:1-3)
      • Jesus is the King of glory (John 12:41; 1 Corinthians 2:8)
    • The Redeemer
      • God is the Redeemer (Psalm 78:34; Isaiah 47:4)\
      • Jesus redeemed us (Galatians 3:13)
    • The Savior
      • God is the Savior (Isaiah 49:26; 1 Timothy 1:1; 4:10)
      • Jesus is the Savior (Luke 2:10-11; John 4:42; Acts 4:12; Philippians 3:20)
      • Jesus is God and Savior (Titus 2:13)
    • The Shepherd
      • God is the Shepherd (Psalm 23:1; 100:3; Isaiah 40:11)
      • Jesus is the Shepherd (John 10:11, 14; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25)
    • The rock
      • God is the rock (1 Samuel 2:2; Psalm 18:2; 31:2; 89:26 Isaiah 17:10-11)
      • Jesus is the rock (1 Corinthians 10:4)
    • The coming One
      • God is coming, prepare the way (Isaiah 40:3; Malachi 3:1)
      • Jesus has come (Matthew 3:3; Luke 7:27)
  • The Messiah is God and human
    • Mary’s son would be called “God with us” (Isaiah 7:14; 9:5-6; Jeremiah 23:5-6)
    • The Messiah is the Eternal Father (Isaiah 9:6)
    • The Messiah is eternal (Micah 5:2)
  • The Holy Spirit is God
    • The Holy Spirit is referred to as God (Acts 5:3-4; 2 Corinthians 3:17)
  • The Holy Spirit is characterized as a Person
    • He can be grieved (Isaiah 63:10; Ephesians 4:30)
    • He counsels (John 14:16; 15:26)
    • He testifies (John 15:26; Hebrews 10:15)
    • He teaches (John 14:26)
    • He hears, speaks, and guides (Mark 13:11; Luke 4:1; John 16:13; Acts 13:2)
    • He warns (Acts 20:23)
    • He convicts of sin (John 16:8)
    • He intercedes and strengthens (Acts 9:31; Romans 8:26-27)
    • He searches, reveals, and knows (1 Corinthians 2:10-11)

2 COMMENTS

  1. The only enemy of the well-understanding the Bible is the dogmatic translation/interpretation! Because of the seriousness of the matter, Ι ask your spiritual critical thinking by all my friends especially foreigners!

    We must remove all prejudice from our minds and return to become like the children. Only the new children with an open-minded way of learning can hear the pure word of Christ and comprehend His Truth. Only by keeping the Lord’s teaching in our heart we will be able to enter into the Kingdom of God. Our Lord said to His disciples: “Truly, I say to you, unless you turn and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven” (Mat. 18:3)

    The first English translation of the term “logos” got based on Vulgate, a Latin translation of the Bible and the first one which translated the Greek “ΛΟΓΟΣ” to the Latin “verbum” (root of English “verb”), while also arbitrarily changing the respective preposition from (προς in greek)”towards/to God” to “with God”.

    The “verbum”/”word” in Vulgate constitutes a dogmatic twist, because if “logos” was to be understood as verb/speech, then the separate personality of Christ would be lost. We would then be left with a dogmatic twist which supports the triple perception of a single being, instead of the objective interpretation which reveals the personality of God’s son, as the cause of creation or the one whom God appointed to create the world and execute the whole will of God, being at the time the creation of the world and later the new generation of the eternally living children of God. If we were to express the overall meaning in English, we would say that god Logos orients himself towards kind cooperation with Father God.

    The whole problem begun after the apostolic times, when Greek priests changed the true meaning of the One and only God to the unknown triune god. So after this dogmatic invasion, a general (catholik) universal trinitarian brainwashing to almost all dogmatic theologians took place.

    During the 3rd century AD, a biased dogma dominated by priests like Athanasios and others who intercepted the apostolic succession, imposed that God was a trinity, and so the majority of people could not comprehend that beside God the Father there was also another person who was in the form of god, named Λόγος/Logos, the only Son of God as The Reason-Cause of God’s Creation, the One through whom God created everything.

    We have to ask: Why all the foreign translators did not translate the term “logos” as a Cause of Creation, as a god the only Son of God, as a separate divine Person from The One and Only Unique God, but they chose to translate Λόγος as God’s speech/word?

    The concept of trinity was existent in some circles of the Western Church, from where Athanasius imported it to the Eastern Church. Sir Isaac Newton found out about that and realized that the original faith in the unique God of Abraham and of our Lord Jesus Christ got substituted by the artificial concept of a triune god.
    The religional but not Spiritual dogma of trinity was a priori, a law that everyone had no right to challenge upon penalty of rejection from the synagogue and heretical stigma. No spiritual doubt on Trinity affair was permissible by anyone! But this triune agnosticism about God did the total brain wash of the trinitarian people, that they could not understand the meaning of apostle John that Christ was not God’s speech, nor the same with His Father, but He was in a form of god (He had divine nature) and He was in front of His Father God to God as a benevolent assistant of the Most High God His Father, ready to carry out the inspiration of the UNIQUE Almighty God, ready to do the will of His God. And His Father’s will was the creation of the world through him.

    In the ancient Greek text we read in John 1:1: “εν αρχη ην ο λογος και ο λογος ην ΠΡΟΣ τον θεον και θεος ην ο λογος”
    The correct translation is: “In the beginning was the Cause/Reason, and the Cause/Reason was TO God (instead of “Word was with God” as in the English translation) , and the Cause/Reason was god”. We read carefully that: god logos was “to God”, not “logos of God”.

    The way apostle John used the term “logos”, implies that his initial readers were familiar with its meaning, because he didn’t provide any explanation of it. Instead, he wrote to them that what they already knew as “logos”.Logos was o philosophical sense in ancient Greeks about a primary cause of beings. So Ap.John says that this primary cause wasn’t an idea or something vague idealistic like that…but A person ,The Christ who had came in flesh and blood,who was before all creation as god and was a separate person, because he was not the possessive “of God” (like “word” would be, as translated in the English bibles), but the directional “towards God”.

    The preposition “to” declares direction face to face, person to person in direction, which means that the god Logos is a separate person from God His Father. The meaning of LOGOS in ancient was the primary CAUSE of creation! In this case apostle John says that the Logos was God and was also Christ before the world got created by Him. The only Son of God had a position facing God His Father. He was looking to His Farther God. So Logos was not the speech or word of God, because the speech cannot be separate, looking at a person who is talking! So the correct translation is: O ΛΟΓΟΣ/LOGOS =THE CAUSE/REASON and not the WORD/SPEECH.

    Logos has the meaning of the Cause of all creation as a divine Person who is the only-begotten Son of God. The authorised person who got the command to create the world and who realized the inspiration of the Almighty God His Father. Christ is the cause of the old creation and also the cause of the new generation, which is the eternal salvation of the sons of God.

    “…and being made perfect, he became the cause of eternal salvation to all who obey him, having been addressed by God as the archpriest, according to the order of Melchisedek” (Hebr. 5:9-10).

    As a conclusion we can say that…In the beginning there was not a triune god or there gods but two Divine persons only! The first was The Highest God the Heavenly Father and towards Him the second Person called Logos who was God’s only-born Son! Logos was Christ before creation of the world and He was the Reason of the first creation and the Reason of the new eternal salvation,which is the new generation of the brothers of Christ as new sons of God!

    You can see also this article in : http://www.maranatha.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=957:lost-in-translationin-the-begining-was-the-reasonnot-a-word-or-speech&catid=40:in-english&Itemid=142

    • Hi Philemon. Thanks for this rather long-winded exposition. I have several thoughts about what you’ve said here but, at base, I don’t see how you’ve undermined the biblical case for the Trinity. Do you?

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